Nov 14th, 2012
The Koh-i-Nur , meaning “Mountain of Light” in Persian language is a 105.6 carat diamond in the most recent cut state, and once the largest known diamond.
The Koh-i Nur is believed by some to have originated in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India together with its double, the Darya-ye Noor (the “Sea of Light”).
The diamond has belonged to various Hindu, Rajput, Mughal, Iranian, Afghan, Sikh and British rulers who fought bitterly over it and seized it as a spoil of war time and time again.
The diamond was traditionally known as Syamantaka-mani and later Madnayak or the “King of Jewels”, before being re-named “Kuh-e nur” in the 18th century by Nader Shah and Ahmad Shah Durrani of Khorasan after their conquest of India. The diamond is currently set into the Crown of Queen Elizabeth and on display at the Tower of London.